WC1 - Lecture/Chapter Review Terms

Mesopotamia       


---Mesopotamia
Fertile Crescent
Çatal Hüyük
Mesopotamia
Uruk Period (4300– 2900 B.C.E.)
Cuneiform
Sumerians
City States
Ziggurats
Lugal
Akkadian Empire (2350–2160 B.C.E.)
Sargon of Akkad
Old Babylonian Empire
Hammurabi
Marduk
Code of Hammurabi
Egypt

Assyrian Empire
Middle Assyrian period (1362–859 B.C.E.)
Assurnasirpal II (883 – 859 B.C.E.)
neo-Assyrian empire (859 –627 B.C.E.)
Sargon II (722–705 B.C.E.) 

Ancient Near East Civilizations take root          1700-500 B.C.E

--Egypt
Predynastic Egypt (c.10,000–3100 B.C.E.)
King Namer
Pharaoh
Hieroglyphs - 3200 BCE
Rosetta Stone
Old Kingdom (c. 2686–2160 B.C.E.)
Imhotep
Middle Kingdom (2055–c. 1650 B.C.E.)
Hyksos (1700 B.C.E.)
New Kingdom (1550–1075 B.C.E.)
Thutmosis I (c. 1504–1492 B.C.E.)
Amon
Akhenaten (1352–1336 B.C.E.)
Aten
King Tut (Tutakhaten/Tutankhamon)

---Hebrews
David
Jerusalem
CULT OF YAHWEH
King Solomon (973–937 B.C.E.)
Monolatry
Nebuchadnezzer
Babylonian Captivity

The World of Classic Greece   1150-480 B.C.E


--Hellenic
Minoans
Mycenaeans
HOMER
Dark Age of Greece (1150–800 B.C.E.)
Polis
Oracle of Delphi
Hoplite
Phalanx
Tyrant
Athens
Solon
Cleisthenes
Demos
Ostracism
Sparta
Helots
Herodotus
Marathon
Hellenic League
Salamis
Delian League
Parthenon
Peloponnesian War     431-404 BCE 
Peloponnesian League 
Sophists
Socrates
Plato
The Academy
Aristotle

Hellenistic Civilization & Alexander the Great 
359-200 B.C.E

---Persian empire
Cyrus
Darius I (521–486 B.C.E.)
Zoroastrianism
Ahura-Mazda


--Hellenistic
Macedon
Philip II (359–336 B.C.E.)
League of Corinth
Alexander (336–323 B.C.E.)
Bactria
Ptolemaic Egypt                                
        Alexandria
Seleucid Asia                                               
Antigonid Macedon and Greece        
Stoicism 
Epicureanism
Skepticism
Orphic cult 
Mithraism 
Aristarchus of Samos
Euclid

Lecture 5:  Rome                    753 B.C.E- 305 C.E.

---Rome Republic
Etruscans
Tiber River
“Latin Right”
The Republic
Consuls
Patrician
Plebeian
Equestrians
Punic Wars (264-146)
Carthage
Hannibal
Scipio Africanus
Spartacus slave uprising (73–71 B.C.E.)
Graachus brothers
Pompey
Julius Caesar
Ides of March
---Imperial Rome
Early Empire (27 B.C.E.–180 C.E)
Octavian (Agustus)               
Marc Antony
Pax Romana
Seneca
Epictetus
Marcus Aurelius
Virgil
Livy
Aqueducts
Pantheon
Colosseum
Commodus (161–192)
Severan Dynasty

Lecture 6: Christianity and the Roman World                305-568 C.E.

---Byzantine
Diocletian
Maximian
Tetrarchy
Constantine
Constantinople (324)
Justinian (527-565)
Corpus Juris Civilis   “Body of Civil Law”
Iconoclastic Controversy
Greek Orthodox

---Early Christian
Jesus
Pontius Pilate
Christ
Zealots
Torah
Sadducees
Pharisees
Essenes
Saul of Tarsus
Jesus cult
Milvian Bridge (312)
Theodosius the Great
Arians
Athanasians
Council of Nicea (325)
Bishop of Rome
Monasticism
St. Benedict of Nursia
St. Patrick
St. Augustine

Rival Civilizations of the Medieval World

---Islamic World
Mecca
Kabah
Muhammad (c. 570 –632)
Yathrib (Medina)
Hijrah/Hegira (622)
Caliph (Caliphate)
Umar
Shiite (Ali)
Sunni (Uthman)
Allah
Ulama
Qur’an (Koran)

Seljuk Turks
Saladin
Ottoman Empire
                Mehmet II

---Viking / Migration Period
Pope Gregory I (c. 540 –604)
Charlemagne (742–814, r. 768 –814)
Carolingian empire
Agricultural Revolution
Crop-rotation
????????

Lecture 8: Rise and Expansion of Europe                  1000-1300

---Early Medieval
Venetian, Pisan, and Genoese
Guild system
National Monarchies
Feudalism
England: -William the Conqueror (1027–1087)
                -Henry II (1133–1189)
                -Richard the Lionhearted (1157–1199)
Magna Carta (1215) [Parliament]
France:   -Louis VI, “the Fat” (1078–1137)
                -Philip II (1165–1223)
Iberia   (Spain)
Holy Roman Empire
                -Frederick I, Barbarossa (1152–1190)
Crusades
Alexius Comnenus (1048–1118)
Pope Urban II
Zara
Alexius Angelus
Papal States
Cult of the Virgin Mary
Innocent III (1198–1216)
Fourth Lateran Council (1215)
Transubstantiation
Franciscans 
Dominicans 

Lecture 9:  The Later Middle Ages               1300-1500
---Late Medieval
The Little Ice Age
The Great Famine
The Black Death, 1347–1350
English Peasants’ Revolt of 1381
The Great Schism, 1378–1417
            Avignon (1305–1378)
John Wyclif (c. 1330–1384)
            The Lollards
Jan Hus (c. 1373–1415)
The Hundred Years’War, 1337–1453
Henry VI (1422–1461)
The Wars of the Roses

Ferdinand and Isabella

Lecture 10:  The Renaissance                           1350-1550

---Renaissance
Patronage
Leonardo Bruni (c. 1370–1444)
Renaissance Humanism
Niccolò Machiavelli (1469–1527)
        The Prince
Baldessare Castiglione (1478–1529)
Sandro Botticelli (1445–1510)
Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519)
Raphael (1483–1520)
Michelangelo (1475–1564)
Christian humanism
Erasmus (c. 1469–1536)
Sir Thomas More (1478–1535)

Commerce, Colonization, and New Encounters        1415-1600

---Late Medieval
The Mongols
Chingiz (Genghis) Khan (1162–1227)
Ogedi, Kublai, Batu
Marco Polo  (Silk Road)


---Age of Exploration

Portuguese caravel
Quadrants
Astrolabes
Compass
Prince Henry the Navigator (1394–1460)
Bartholomeu Dias [Cape of Good Hope (1488) ]
Vasco de Gama (1497–98)
Azores and Canary Islands
Christopher Columbus   1492

Hernando Cortés [Aztecs (1519–1521) ]

Francisco Pizarro     [Incas (1533) ]

The Reformation and Religious Wars       1517-1660

---Reformation
Indulgences
Printing Press
St. Augustine
Martin Luther
            Wittenberg
            Johan Tetzel
            Frederick the Wise
Ninety-Five Theses   (October 31, 1517)
              Diet of Worms (1521)
German Imperial Diet (1529)
Anabaptist
John Calvin
            Calvinism
            Predestination
            Geneva
            John Knox (Presbyterian), Huguenot, Puritan
English Reformation   (1531)
            Henry VIII (1509-1547)
                 Six Articles of Faith (1539)
Catholic (Counter) Reformation
            Council of Trent (1545-1563)
            St. Ignatius Loyola
                        Society of Jesus (Jesuits) 1534